The Commandant of Auschwitz – Rudolf Hoss written by Volker Koop and published by Frontline Books – £25.00 – Hardback – Pages 272
Described as one of the greatest mass-murderers in history, Rudolf Höss, was born in Baden-Baden, on the edge of Germany’s Black Forest region, on 11 December 1901. As a child, his aim was to join the priesthood, but in his early youth he became disillusioned with religion and turned instead to the Army.
Höss joined the 21st Regiment of Dragoons, his father’s and grandfather’s old regiment, at the age of just 14. He served with the Ottoman Army in its fight against the British, serving in Palestine and being present at the Siege of Kut-el-Amara. During this period, he was promoted to the rank of Feldwebel, becoming, at that time, the youngest Non-commissioned officer in the German Army. He was also decorated, receiving among other awards the Iron Cross, First and Second class.
In the midst of the political upheavals in post-war Germany, Höss was drawn to the hard-line philosophies of Adolph Hitler, joining the Nazi Party in 1922. His ruthless commitment to the Nazi cause saw him convicted of participating in at least one political assassination, for which he spent six years in prison.
Predictably, Höss joined the SS and in 1934 became a Blockführer, or Block Leader, at Dachau concentration camp. His ruthless dedication led to him becoming the adjutant to the camp commandant at another concentration camp, Sachsenhausen. Then, in May 1940, Höss was given command of his own camp near the town of Auschwitz.
In June 1941, Höss was told that Auschwitz had been selected as the site for the Final Solution of the Jewish question. Höss set about his task with relish, and a determination to kill as many Jews as quickly and efficiently as possible.
Justice caught up with Höss after the German surrender when he was arrested on 11 March 1946, after a year posing as a gardener under a false name. He was found guilty of war crimes and was hanged on 16 April 1947.
I must admit that I am a big fan of the author Volker Koop, I have read a number of his books previously especially Martin Bormann. He writes so well, clear and comprehensively, he really seems to get to know the person or event with in-depth knowledge. So you can imagine I was more than happy to review this book which follows in the same traditions, despite this particular subject matter and what he did, or allowed to happen as the Commandant of the hell hole that is Auschwitz. Koop uses research and reports from contemporaries both for and against to form a very dark picture of a man who instructed mass murder on a huge scale. While this isn’t a pleasant read, it’s a well written and researched book that doesn’t shy away from the truth. A huge book that certainly warrants high praise and I would highly recommend it to those interested in this particular subject.